If you have been diagnosed with eczema, the doctor will tell you what type of eczema it is and will brief you with the suitable treatment plan. This plan is based on the type and severity of the eczema, and your medical history, among other factors. In general, the medications that the doctor will prescribe aims to reduce itching, lessen skin inflammation, remove and decrease lesions, and clear up infections, if any.
It is very important to understand that there is no cure for eczema. Treatment only aim to lessen the symptoms. Also, one treatment alone will not be effective in most cases of eczema. Studies show that the most effective treatment for any type of eczema involves a combination of different therapies.
Today, there are hundreds of effective over-the-counter products and prescription medications used to deal with eczema. With the proper treatment, you are sure to control the said skin condition.

Over-the-counter Treatments

Dryness of the skin can worsen eczema. Thus, moisturizing is an essential self-care step in those with eczema. But not all products labeled as moisturizing can be used, especially those that contain soap and other harsh ingredients. These will only strip your skin of its natural oils and cause it to dry out even more. Instead, use emollients that smoothen, soothe, and hydrate the skin. Emollients come in different forms: creams, lotions, and ointments. It is best to use thicker emollients like ointments on extra dry skin since light ones like aqueous creams might not have any notable effect on it. The best time to use tem is after a shower while your skin is still damp.
Mild steroid creams may also be used. They control your bodyís inflammatory response, thus reducing flare-ups. For mild to moderate eczema, a weak steroid like hydrocortisone may be used. Prescription higher-potency steroids, such as clobetasol propionate, are recommended for severe cases. Steroid creams must be used sparingly because of their possible side effects, such as causing the skin to become more fragile and thinner. Once the desired result has been achieved, it would be better to discontinue its use and switch to using emollients.

Prescription Drugs

If the milder over-the-counter treatments did not work out for you, your doctor can prescribe other treatment options.
As mentioned above, stronger steroid creams may be prescribed. They should be used sparingly because of their side effects. Oral steroids, like prednisolone, may also be taken in tablet form.
Immunosuppressant drugs, such as cilosporin and azathioprine, may also be prescribed. These may alter your immune systemís response and hence reduce the inflammation of your skin. Like steroids, they pose the risk of harmful side effects so you should not take them without consulting your doctor.
Antibiotics, such as erythromycin and flucloxacillin, will be prescribed by your doctor if you have skin infections.
Eczema is a very stubborn skin condition. You have to make a lot of effort in order to help reduce its symptoms. Drugs and medications are only one side of the treatment. Dealing with eczema also involves avoiding the things that trigger your skinís flare-ups, such as stress, certain types of food, and dust. In other words, a change in lifestyle is also necessary.