People are often worried that the medications that they are taking to treat their eczema have side effects. However, there are some medications out in the market that have been proven to be both effective and safe even for children.
The key to dealing with eczema in the safest and most effective way possible is by consulting with a skilled doctor. Board-certified dermatologists possess the training and knowledge necessary in order to properly identify the type of eczema and prescribe the right therapy plan for it. They know how to monitor their patients as well as incorporate different combinations of medications in order to minimize the potential side effects.
Doctors consider several factors in order to determine what kind of medication is safe and effective for a particular patient. These factors include the age of the patient, his/her family history, the previous treatments taken, the areas affected, the condition of the skin on those areas, and the severity of the symptoms.
Two of the most important factors are the area and the condition of the skin. These two play a huge role in determining what medication to safely use. A number of studies have shown that the side effects that manifest are correlated to how and where the treatment is applied. For instance, some medications are contraindicated for the eye area or for those that have blisters and are oozing.
Medications that are safe and effective against eczema include antihistamine, corticosteroids, antibiotics, and calcineurin inhibitors.
Studies confirm that antihistamines are safe even for children. Moreover, they do not pose the risk of adverse side effects.
Topical corticosteroids, which are the most popular treatment for eczema, are for reducing inflammation. In order to minimize potential side effects, doctors monitor their patients throughout the duration of the treatment.
Certain antibiotics are safe to take as long as they have been prescribed by a skilled dermatologist. Even children below six months can safely take in antibiotics.
In some severe cases, more potent medications are prescribed to be used within a short period of time. Because they may have a few harmful side effects, doctors monitor the condition of their patients throughout. Once the condition improves, a switch to milder treatments is prescribed.
Calcineurin inhibitors, such as tacrolimus and pimecrolimus, are drugs that block the formation of chemicals in the immune system that bring about redness, itching, and swelling. These steroid-free medications have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of eczema in patients above the age of two who have not responded well to other medications for the said skin condition.
While medication can effectively and safely treat eczema, it is only one part of the package. Medication may not fully work without an effort on the part of the patient in terms of altering his lifestyle. One should strive to stay away from the things that he knows can cause his eczema to flare up. The patient should also practice proper skin care. All of these play a vital role in managing eczema. But once it flares up, doctor-prescribed medications are necessary to control the swelling, itching, and pain.